Milk From Cows and Other Animals

Content of Milk by Species

About Milk from Different Animals
Scroll down or use these quick links to learn more about the milk from these animals.

Cow, Water Buffalo, Goat, Reindeer, Horse, Sheep, Camel, Yak

Cow

 

Nine out of every ten glasses of milk consumed by people come from cows.


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Water Buffalo

 

Water buffalo produce half of the milk consumed in India. Ghee, a kind of liquid butter, is made from water buffalo milk.



Goat

 

Some people find goat's milk easier to digest than cow's milk. Fat globules in goat's milk are smaller than in cow's milk.


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Reindeer

 

The fat content of reindeer milk is 22%, six times as much as cow's milk. It is the only source of milk for Laplanders in northern Scandinavia, because no other dairy animal can survive in such a cold, hostile environment. It takes two people to milk a reindeer -- one to do the milking and the other to hold the reindeer's horns.


Horse

 

Over 700 years ago, Mongolian warriors made a dried-out concentrated paste from horse milk. When they were on the march, they added it to water and drank it. In southeastern Russia, people use horse milk to make a slightly alcoholic drink called kumiss.


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Sheep

Milk from sheep has twice the fat content of cow's milk. Sheep milk is used to make French Roquefort and chevre cheeses.


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Camel

 

In the hot desert, camel milk lasts longer than other types of milk. It can last for seven days at 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius), and will last for three months when properly refrigerated.


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Yak

In the cold mountains of Tibet, people make yak butter tea. It tastes like a salty, creamy soup that has been whipped to a froth.


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Content of Milk by Species

(percentage by weight)
Species: water fat casein whey
protein
lactose energy
kcal/100g
Black Bear 55.5 24.5 8.8 5.7 0.4 280
Camel 86.5 4.0 2.7 0.9 5.0 70
Cow 87.3 3.9 2.6 0.6 4.6 66
Dog 76.4 10.7 5.1 2.3 3.3 139
Dolphin 58.3 33.0 3.9 2.9 1.1 329
Donkey 88.3 1.4 1.0 1.0 7.4 44
Elephant 78.1 11.6 1.9 3.0 4.7 143
Fur Seal 34.6 53.3 4.6 4.3 0.1 516
Goat 86.7 4.5 2.6 .6 4.3 70
Horse 88.8 1.9 1.3 1.2 6.2 52
Human 87.1 4.5 0.4 0.5 7.1 72
Kangaroo 80.0 3.4 2.3 2.3 6.7 76
Pig 81.2 6.8 2.8 2.0 5.5 102
Rabbit 67.2 15.3 9.3 4.6 2.1 202
Reindeer 66.7 18.0 8.6 1.5 2.8 214
Sheep 82.0 7.2 3.9 0.7 4.8 102
Water Buffalo 82.8 7.4 3.2 0.6 4.8 101



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